Koi Pond DesignWhat a great idea. A pond in the backyard with fauna and viewing areas built in. It’s a great way to turn your land into a rewarding peaceful place to get some personal time and think. Just like any task, it comes down to materials, land, future goals and ability to do maintenance on your property.
Great Design Ideas Require Great WorkAt the end of the day you are either going to be able to handle some, all or none of the work for yourself. You make decisions of design based on a few things: your desires, your budget, your physical constraints. You must be willing to pay for things you really cannot do and NOT GET STUCK.
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Check out these great ideas for designing and building your koi pond (doesn’t have to be koi specifically, but it’s a good example)
Koi Pond Basic – Specifications
A koi pond must be properly designed in order to allow whatever species you have living in your pond to thrive. In this case Koi Fish are the topic. Here are some basic guidelines for creating the necessary environment.
- 3+ feet deep
- 25 sq. ft. of pond per koi
- No less than 1,000 gallons of water
Koi fish need shade. If you’re pond is in the direct sunlight you need to grow some kind of water plants that provide reasonable shade throughout 15%-30% of the pond surface area. Regardless, you need some sort of plant life to provide food and a healthy ecosystem for your pond.
Good filtration is a necessity to handle organic waste produced by the system that cannot be consumed by the environment. Spray Koi Pond Coatings instead of rolls of liner are very beneficial because you can install a bottom drain easily in this scenario.
Aeration is necessary to provide appropriate oxygen levels to the pond for your koi and other animals in the system. If you live in a hot climate or have large fish, proper aeration is crucial and can be accomplished with jets, waterfalls, and shallow streams.
Water quality is the last component that cannot be overlooked in the design phase of your koi pond. Optimal ph and water temperature are the two main factors determining water quality. A temp between 39 F and 68 F is ideal along with a ph balance between 7.0 and 7.8
Koi Pond Design – Visualizing
This is where your yard becomes a canvas. Many people may decide to bring in a landscape architect to help perfect the physical presentation of the koi pond and the surrounding plants and ground. With a spray coating for a koi pond the ideas are limitless. You don’t need to line the pond with heavy rocks or debris to try and hold down a plastic liner or protect the edge of the liner. You are also able to design absolutely any shape you want unlike traditional ponds where you are limited to round, oblong, or kidney shaped. This is a big plus, especially in small areas where you may want small veins throughout the area or have bottom structure that makes for an odd shaped floor. If you do not have the dimensional thinking and understanding of plants that co-exist well, than a consultant might be right for you. If you do have the ability, you might want to take a look at some of these resources for layout ideas: Backyard Design | Koi Pond Shapes
Do NOT USE SMALL ROCKS in your Pond
Move your water!
Spray Coat Your Koi PondSpray polyurea and polyurea hybrids are becoming very available and with significant advantages over concrete and traditional pond liners.
- Concrete is very expensive in regards to labor and time to complete.
- Traditional liners are cheaper, but they come at a price. These systems typically only last a few years which ends up costing you double the time and effort to just do a spray koi pond kit. In fact the original installation is easier because you do not have to mess around with bulky liners and seams. Instead you simply spray the area to the proper build, let it cure and … well, that’s it. This is also a LOT easier than trying to use concrete. There is no way you are going to do concrete DIY unless you are a mason by trade.